Welcome to the world of Chinese Crested's & Lowchen

The Chinese cresteds come in two varieties—the hairless and the powder puff. Both are born in the same litter and both are important in preserving the quality of the Chinese Crested.
The hairless variety has soft silky hair on it’s head, feet and tail. Their skin is soft and smooth.
The powder puff variety is completely covered with a silky, soft, and straight  coat.
 Both varieties, the hairless and the powder puff come in many different colors and markings.

Chinese Cresteds are very clean, with no doggie odor and are not prone to fleas or ticks.

The most popular of the hairless breed, the Chinese Crested are still very rare. These dogs are sweet, lively, playful and cuddly. They are exceptionally loving. Affectionate with children adults and children. Children should, however be taught not to be too rough with this breed as they are very friendly but doesn't have the protective coat that other breeds and a small breed so they can be injured with rough play. They are an entertaining companion. Intelligent and very alert.  They have the ability to perform tricks and are generally good with other pets. Cresteds can also be climbers and able to jump. They are not barkers. They tend to become very attached to their owners. These little dogs enjoy human companionship.

 

Chinese Crested Breed Standard

General Appearance
A toy dog, fine-boned, elegant and graceful. The distinct varieties are born in the same litter. The Hairless with hair only on the head, tail and feet and the Powderpuff, completely covered with hair. The breed serves as a loving companion, playful and entertaining.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Size - Ideally 11 to 13 inches. However, dogs that are slightly larger or smaller may be given full consideration. Proportion – rectangular-proportioned to allow for freedom of movement. Body length from withers to base of tail is slightly longer than the height at the withers. Substance – Fine-boned and slender but not so refined as to appear breakable or alternatively, not a robust, heavy structure.

Head
Expression - Alert and intense. Eyes - Almond-shaped, set wide apart. Dark-colored dogs have dark-colored eyes, and lighter-colored dogs may have lighter-colored eyes. Eye rims match the coloring of the dog. Ears - Uncropped large and erect, placed so that the base of the ear is level with the outside corner of the eye. Skull - The skull is arched gently over the occiput from ear to ear. Distance from occiput to stop equal to distance from stop to tip of nose. The head is wedge-shaped viewed from above and the side. Stop - Slight but distinct. Muzzle - Cheeks taper cleanly into the muzzle. Nose - Dark in dark-colored dogs; may be lighter in lighter-colored dogs. Pigment is solid. Lips - Lips are clean and tight. Bite - Scissors or level in both varieties. Missing teeth in the Powderpuff are to be faulted. The Hairless variety is not to be penalized for absence of full dentition.

Neck, Topline, Body
Neck - Neck is lean and clean, slightly arched from the withers to the base of the skull and carried high. Topline - Level to slightly sloping croup. Body - Brisket extends to the elbow. Breastbone is not prominent. Ribs are well developed. The depth of the chest tapers to a moderate tuck-up at the flanks. Light in loin. Tail - Tail is slender and tapers to a curve. It is long enough to reach the hock. When dog is in motion, the tail is carried gaily and may be carried slightly forward over the back. At rest the tail is down with a slight curve upward at the end resembling a sickle. In the Hairless variety, two-thirds of the end of the tail is covered by long, flowing feathering referred to as a plume. The Powderpuff variety's tail is completely covered with hair.

Forequarters
Angulation - Layback of shoulders is 45 degrees to point of shoulder allowing for good reach. Shoulders - Clean and narrow. Elbows - Close to body. Legs - Long, slender and straight. Pasterns - Upright, fine and strong. Dewclaws may be removed. Feet - Hare foot, narrow with elongated toes. Nails are trimmed to moderate length.

Hindquarters
Angulation - Stifle moderately angulated. From hock joint to ground perpendicular. Dewclaws may be removed. Feet - Same as forequarters.

Coat
The Hairless variety has hair on certain portions of the body: the head (called a crest), the tail (called a plume) and the feet from the toes to the front pasterns and rear hock joints (called socks). The texture of all hair is soft and silky, flowing to any length. Placement of hair is not as important as overall type. Areas that have hair usually taper off slightly. Wherever the body is hairless, the skin is soft and smooth. Head Crest begins at the stop and tapers off between the base of the skull and the back of the neck. Hair on the ears and face is permitted on the Hairless and may be trimmed for neatness in both varieties. Tail Plume is described under Tail. The Powderpuff variety is completely covered with a double soft and silky coat. Close examination reveals long thin guard hairs over the short silky undercoat. The coat is straight, of moderate density and length. Excessively heavy, kinky or curly coat is to be penalized. Grooming is minimal-consisting of presenting a clean and neat appearance.

Gait
Lively, agile and smooth without being stilted or hackneyed. Comes and goes at a trot moving in a straight line.

Temperament
Gay and alert.

 

Exercise

Although it is tempting to carry these little creatures about, they are active little dogs who need daily exercise. Play will take care of a lot of their exercise needs, however, as with all breeds play will not fulfill all their needs. They need a good walk. They also enjoy a good romp in a safe  open area off lead, such as a large fenced yard. Don't think just because Cresteds are small they should be confined to a small space. They love to run free and explore their environment.  

Care required

The skin of the hairless Chinese crested’s require careful attention. Those with show dogs wash the skin regularly, and often use skin-exfoliating products to remove dead cells and to soften the skin. It is also important to keep the skin smooth and clear. The unpigmented areas and the Chinese crested’s with light color skin, such as the palomino colored dogs, are especially sensitive to the sun. It is a good idea to keep them out of the sun or use a good quality sunscreen.

 The powder puff variety should be brushed or combed on a regular basis, as well as bathe. A good quality shampoo and conditioner is recommended.
 

Social behavior

 The Chinese Crested have no problem with other dogs or pets. They adapt easily to a family.
 

Training

 The Chinese Crested is not difficult to train because this dog is intelligent and quick to grasp what is required of them.
 

Health Issues

 

 Exposed skin needs special care to prevent skin problems and irritation. This breed should be protected from the sun with a sun block and lighter color dog do tend to burn if exposed to the sun for long periods of time. Many Chinese Cresteds are allergic to lanolin and wool. They many also have a reaction if vaccinated with LEPTO. Their teeth should be well cared for to prevent decay. Hairless dogs often don't get or lose many teeth as young adults. The hairless variety have a more prehistoric mouth-with teeth pointing forward. The powder puff variety have normal teeth and must have full dentation to be shown. Each hairless dog carries one gene for hairless and one gene hair. Therefore powder puff and hairless appear in the same litter. The only exception is the breeding of two powder puffs as they will only produce powder puffs.                                                                                     
Do not overfeed this breed as they will become obese if given the chance. They do love their food.
 

Löwchen Breed Standard

General Appearance
A small, bright, and lively dog that originated as a companion breed in pre-Renaissance Europe where ladies of the court groomed it in the likeness of a little lion. Breed characteristics are a compact, balanced body; a relatively short, broad topskull and muzzle; and a proud, lively gait that accentuates the lion cut with a long flowing mane. These quintessential features, combined with an outgoing and positive attitude, result in a dog of great style.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Size - Ideally, mature dogs and bitches are between 12 to 13 inches at the withers. Height may vary 1 inch above or below this ideal. Only where the comparative superiority of a specimen outside this range clearly justifies it should greater latitude be taken. Absolute height at the withers should not take precedence over correct proportion and substance. Proportion - The body is just off-square when properly balanced. The distance from the prosternum to the point of buttocks is slightly greater than the distance from the withers to the ground in an 11 to 10 ratio. The distance from the ground to the elbow is slightly greater than the distance from the elbow to the wither. The Löwchen should never be low stationed. Substance: The mature Löwchen is sturdily built with strong bone and muscular hindquarters, but never coarse.

Head
The head is a hallmark breed characteristic.  The expression is bright, alert, and lively. The eyes are set well into the skull, round in shape, large, set well apart, and forward looking.  Eyes are dark brown in color; lighter colored dogs may have lighter brown eyes but darker eyes are preferred. The ears are pendant, moderate in length, well fringed, and set on slightly above the level of the eye. The backskull is broad and relatively flat from ear to ear. The stop is moderately well defined. The length from nose to base of stop is two-thirds of the length from base of stop to occiput. The muzzle is well filled and relatively broad with moderate depth of underjaw resulting in a slightly rounded finish to the muzzle. The jaw is wide enough to accommodate all incisors in a straight row. Coloration of pigment is in accordance with coat color. Nose and eye rims are completely pigmented. The lips are tight with color the same as the nose. The bite is scissors and the teeth are rather large and well spaced with complete dentition.

Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is of good length with a slight arch, fitting smoothly into the shoulders and topline.  The head is carried high when the dog is moving.  The topline is level from withers to tailset.  The body is slightly off-square when properly balanced.  The loin is short and strong. The ribs are well sprung. The brisket is moderate in width and extends approximately to the elbows.  The underline has a slight tuck-up at the loin. The tail is set high and carried in a well-arched cup-handle fashion with the plume touching the back when the dog is moving. A dropped tail while standing is not to be penalized.

Forequarters
The shoulders are strong and well laid back with smooth musculature. The upper arm is of equal length to the shoulder blade and the two meet in a near 90 degree angle. The elbows are held close to the body.  Forearms are of good length and the distance from the withers to the elbow is slightly less than the distance from the elbow to the ground. From the front the legs are perfectly parallel from the elbows to the feet.  The bone is more round than oval and of medium size with only a slight decrease in size at the pasterns. The pasterns are short, parallel from the front, and very slightly bent when viewed from the side.  The forefeet point straight ahead and are tight and well arched with deep pads, and the two center toes are slightly in advance of the two outer toes.  Dewclaws may be removed. The nails are relatively short.

Hindquarters
The pelvic bone projects beyond the set of the tail and is at an approximate 30 degree angle from a perfectly horizontal line.  The upper and lower thighs are well muscled and of approximately equal length with medium bone. The stifles are well bent.  The hocks are well let down and perpendicular to the ground from any angle.   The hindfeet point straight ahead, are slightly smaller than the forefeet, and are well arched with deep pads.

Coat
The Löwchen must be shown in the traditional Lion Clip. The unclipped areas of the coat are long, rather dense and moderately soft in texture. The unique Löwchen coat consists of hairs of varying diameters with a more noticeable collection of denser hair around the neck and withers. The coat may fall to either side but must never be artificially parted.

It has a slightly to moderately wavy appearance. Wiry, woolly, curly, and flat coat textures are not correct and are to be penalized to the degree of severity.  No scissoring or shaping of the unclipped coat is permitted. Puppies typically have a softer coat.

Lion Clip - the coat is clipped to about 1/8" on the following parts of the body: from the last rib back to and including the hindquarters; the hindquarters to the hock joints; the front legs from the elbows to a point on the legs which is equal to the same distance from the ground to the hock joints leaving cuffs of hair on all four legs; the tail from the base to approximately one-half way to the tip leaving a plume at the end of the tail; and the feet are entirely clipped. The unclipped areas must be completely natural and untrimmed. On no account should the unclipped areas be smoothed, shortened, shaped or otherwise tidied with anything other than a comb or brush.  Any clip other than specified or any shaping or scissoring of the long coat are disqualifications.

Color
All colors and color combinations are acceptable with no preference given to any.

Gait
Movement at a trot is effortless with good reach in front and full extension in the rear. From the front the forelegs move in almost parallel lines converging slightly as the speed increases.  From the rear the legs move in almost parallel lines and in the same line of motion as the forelegs, converging slightly as the speed increases.  From the side movement is efficient and ground covering.  The forelegs reach well out in front in a long, relatively low stride, and the rear legs come well under the body and extend behind to maximize propulsion.  The body remains nearly square in outline and the topline is held firm and level, with the tail being carried curved over the back and the head held above the level of the back.

Temperament
The Löwchen is alert, intelligent, and affectionate with the overall qualities of a loving companion dog.  It has a lively, outgoing, and inquisitive personality

 

 
 

This site was last updated 04/21/11